What is The Significance of Geographical Indication Label?

  • 25th Jun 2023
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What is The Significance of Geographical Indication Label?

A Geographical Indication (GI) label is a distinctive mark used to certify that a product possesses particular qualities or enjoys a particular reputation as a result of its geographical origin.

This concept derives from intellectual property law and seeks to preserve the uniqueness of products closely associated with their geographic context.

Important Terms and Ideas:

Geographical Indication (GI): A sign used on products that possess qualities, reputation, or characteristics that are substantially attributable to their geographical origin.

The concept of intellectual property (IP): Inventions, literary and artistic works, designs, and commercially used symbols, names, and images are examples of intellectual property.

Terroir is a French word that refers to the natural environment in which a specific wine or crop is produced, including soil, topography, and climate.

Detailed Summary:

A GI label essentially guarantees that a product possesses certain characteristics that are attributable to its region of origin, including natural and human factors (manufacturing process, craftsmanship, tradition).

This helps consumers have faith in the quality of a product, as they are assured that it originates from the place it purports to and possesses the distinctive characteristics of that location.

GI labels are applied to a wide variety of products, typically agricultural, but also artisanal and industrial items.

Darjeeling Tea from India, Champagne from the Champagne region of France, and Parmigiano-Reggiano cheese from the Parma and Reggio Emilia regions of Italy are examples of products with a GI label.

The Geographic Indication (GI) label is a useful marketing tool because it allows producers to differentiate their products on the market and charge higher prices due to the GI label's quality assurance. In addition, it protects these products from misuse or imitation, ensuring that only genuine regional products may use the name.

GI is a component of the World Trade Organization's (WTO) Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS) in terms of legislation. Individual nations have their own laws and registration systems for GIs.

To Summarise:

Geographical Indication (GI) labels are a form of intellectual property protection for products whose distinctive quality, reputation, or other characteristics are derived from their geographical origin. It ensures authenticity, protects traditional knowledge and craftsmanship, and provides a platform for these products to carve out a market niche.

Key Instances:

Darjeeling Tea (India): The GI label ensures that the tea produced in the Darjeeling district of West Bengal, India, is acknowledged globally for its distinctive aroma and flavour.

Champagne (France): The effervescent wine made from fruits cultivated in the Champagne region of France, in accordance with strict production guidelines.

Parmigiano-Reggiano (Italy): A firm, granular cheese manufactured in the Italian provinces of Parma, Reggio Emilia, Modena, and portions of Mantua and Bologna using a specific method.

Swiss timepieces (Switzerland): The Swiss-made label indicates that a watch was manufactured in Switzerland, guaranteeing its superior quality and craftsmanship.

By safeguarding local resources and knowledge, GI labels not only boost local economies but also contribute to the preservation of cultural heritage, biodiversity, and sustainable development.

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Suhas Kataria is an ardent utopian, luxury real estate marketer & consultant, techpreneur (with a focus on proptech), SEO copywriter & trainer, lyricist, musician, rapper, runner & an eternal learner. As the Founder and CEO of Realspace, Suhas has 20 plus years of hands-on work experien... read more


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